The Surah takes its name from v. 35 in which mention has been
made of Prophet Ibrahim (Abraham). But it does not mean that
it contains the life story of Prophet Abraham.
The name is merely a symbol lid the names of many other surahs,
i. e., the Surah in which Abraham's mention has been made.
Period of Revelation
It appears from the tone of the Surah that it belongs to that
group of the Surahs which were revealed during the last stage
of the Makkan period. For instance, v. 13 ("The disbelievers
warned their Messengers, 'you shall have to return to our community
or we will assuredly expel you from our land'") clearly indicates
that the persecution of the Muslims was at its worst at the
time of the revelation of this Surah, and the people of Makkah
were bent on expelling the Believers from there like the disbelievers
of the former Prophets. That is why in v. 14 they have been
warned, "We will destroy these evil doers," and the Believers
have been comforted as were the believers before them, "and
after them settle you in the land" Likewise the stern warning
contained in the concluding portion (vv. 43-52 also confirms
that the Surah relates to the last stage of the Makkan Period.
Central Theme and Purpose
This Surah is an admonition and a warning to the disbelievers
who were rejecting the Message of the Holy Prophet and devising
cunning schemes to defeat his Mission. But warning, reproof,
censure and reproach dominate admonition. This is because a
good deal of admonition had already been made in the preceding
Surahs, but in spite of this their obduracy, enmity, antagonism,
mischief, persecution etc. had rather increased.