The word Fatir of the first very verse is the title given to
this Surah, which simply means that it is a Surah in which
the word Fatir has occurred. The other name is Al Malaika,
which also occurs in the first verse.
Period of Revelation
The internal evidence of the style shows that the period of
the revelation of this Sarah is probably the middle Makkan
period, and especially that part of it, when antagonism had
grown quite strong and every sort of mischief was being adopted
to frustrate the mission of the Holy Prophet.
Subject Matter and Theme
The discourse is meant to warn and reprove the people of Makkah
and their chiefs for their antagonistic attitude that they
had then adopted towards the Holy Prophet's message of Tauhid,
like a well wisher, and also to admonish them like a teacher,
as if to say:"O foolish people, the way to which this Prophet
is calling you is to your own advantage.
Your anger, your tricks and machinations against it and your
conspiracies and designs to frustrate it are not directed against
him but against your own selves. If you do not listen to him,
you will be harming your own selves, not him. Just consider
and ponder over what he says : there is nothing wrong in it.
He repudiates shirk. If you look around carefully, you will
yourself realize that there is no basis for shirk in the world.
He presents the doctrine of Tauhid. If you use your common
sense, you will come to the conclusion that there is no being,
beside Allah, Creator of the Universe, which might possess
divine attributes and powers and authority. He tells you that
you have not been created to be irresponsible in this world,
but you have to render an account of your deeds before your
God, and that there is life after the life of this world when
everyone will meet the consequences of what he has done here.
If you thing a little you will see that your doubts and your
astonishment about it are absolutely baseless. Don't you see
the phenomenon of the reproduction of creation day and night.
How can then your own recreation be impossible for that God
Who created you from an insignificant sperm drop? Doesn't your
own intellect testify that the good and the evil cannot be
alike? Then think and judge for yourselves as to what is reasonable
: should the good and the evil meet with the same fate and
end up in the dust, or should the good be requited with good
and the evil with evil?
Now, if you do not admit and acknowledge these rational and
reasonable things and do not abandon your false gods, and wish
to continue living only as irresponsible people in the world,
the Prophet will not lose anything. It is you yourselves only
who will suffer the consequences. The Prophet's only responsibility
was to make the truth plain to you, which be has done".
In this connection, the Holy Prophet has been consoled again
and again, as if to say :"When you are doing full justice to
the preaching of your mission, you do not incur any responsibility
for those who persist in their error and do not accept and
follow the right way". Furthermore, he has also been consoled
to the effect "You should neither grieve on account of those
who do not want to believe, nor consume yourself with the thought
of how to bring them to the rights path. Instead of this, you
should pay your full attention to those who are inclined to
listen to you".
The believers also, in this connection, have been given the
good news so that they may feel strengthened and encouraged
and remain steadfast on the path of the truth with full faith
in the promises made by Allah.