It is derived from the very first word wadh-dhariyat, which
implies that it is a Surah which begins with the word adh-dhariyat.
Period of Revelation
The subject matter and the style clearly show that it was sent
down in the period when although the Holy Prophet's invitation
was being resisted and opposed with denial and ridicule and
false accusations stubbornly, persecution had not yet started.
Therefore, this Surah also seems to have been revealed in the
same period in which the Surah Qaf was revealed.
Subject Matter and Topics
The Surah mostly deals with the Hereafter, and in the end it
presents the invitation to Tauhid. In addition, the people
have also been warned that refusal to accept the message of
the Prophets and persistence in the concepts and creeds of
ignorance have proved to be disastrous for those nations themselves
which have adopted this attitude and way of life in the past.
About the Hereafter what this Surah presents in short but pithy
sentences is this: The people's different and conflicting beliefs
about the end of human life are themselves an express proof
that none of these beliefs and creeds is based on knowledge;
everyone by himself has formed an ideology on the basis of
conjecture and made the same his creed.
Someone thought that there would be no life-after-death; someone
believed in the life- after-death, but in the form of the transmigration
of souls someone believed in the life hereafter and the meting
out of the rewards and punishments but invented different sorts
of props and supports to escape retribution.
About a question of such vital and fundamental importance a
wrong view of which renders man's whole life-work wrong and
waste and ruins his future for ever, it would be a disastrous
folly to build an ideology only on the basis of speculation
and conjecture, without knowledge. It would mean that man should
remain involved in a grave misunderstanding, pass his whole
life in the heedlessness of error, and after death should suddenly
meet with a situation for which he had made no preparation
There is only one way of forming the right opinion about such
a question, and it is this: Man should seriously ponder over
the knowledge about the Hereafter that the Prophet of Allah
is conveying to him from Him, and should study carefully the
system of the earth and heavens and his own existence: and
should see whether the evidence of that knowledge's being sound
and correct is afforded by everything around him or not.
In this regard, the arrangement of the wind and rain, the structure
of the earth and the creatures found on it, man's own self,
the creation of the heavens and of everything in the world
in the form of pairs have been presented as evidence of the
Hereafter, and instances have been cited from human history
to show that the temper of the empire of the Universe requires
that the law of retribution must operate here.
After this, giving the invitation to Tauhid briefly, it has
been said : "Your Creator has not created you for the service
of others but for His own service. He is not like your false
gods, which receive sustenance from you and godhead of which
cannot function without your help, but He is a God Who is the
Sustainer of all, Who does not stand in need of sustenance
from anyone and Whose Godhead is functioning by His own power
In this very connection, it has also been stated that whenever
the Prophets of Allah have been opposed and resisted, they
have not been opposed and resisted on the basis of any rational
ground but on the basis of the same obduracy and stubbornness
and false pride that is being shown against the Prophet Muhammad
(peace and blessings of Allah be upon him), and there is no
other motive for it than rebellion and arrogance.
Then the Holy Prophet has been instructed not to bother about
the rebels but to go on performing his mission of invitation
and admonition, for it is useful and beneficial for the believers
although it may not be so for the other people. As for the
wicked people who still persist in their rebellion, they should
know that their predecessors who followed the same way of life,
have already received their shares of the punishment, and these
people's share of the punishment has been made ready for them.