It is derived from the very first cord "WatTur-i."
Period of Revelation
From the internal evidence of the subject matter it appears
that this Surah too was revealed in the same stage of the Holy
Prophet's life at Makkah in which the Surah Adh-Dhariyat was
revealed. While going through it one can clearly feel that
during the period of its revelation the Holy Prophet (peace
and blessings of Allah be upon him) was being showered with
objections and accusations but there is no evidence yet to
show that severe persecution of the Muslims had started.
Subject Matter and Topics
The subject matter of its first section (vv. 1-28) is the Hereafter.
As arguments for its possibility, necessity and occurrence
had already been given in Surah Adh-Dhariyat, these have not
been repeated here. However, swearing an oath by some realities
and signs which testify to the Hereafter, it has been stated
most emphatically that it will surely come to pass, and none
has the power to prevent its occurrence. Then, it has been
stated as to what will be the fate of those who deny it when
it actually occurs, and how will those who believe in it and
adopt the way of piety and righteousness accordingly, be blessed
Then, in the second section (vv. 29-49) the Quraish chiefs'
attitude towards the message of the Holy Prophet (peace and
blessings of Allah he upon him) has been criticized. They called
him a sorcerer, a madman, or a poet, and would thus mislead
the common people against him so that they should not pay any
serious attention to the message he preached.
They looked upon him as a calamity that had suddenly descended
on them and would openly wish that he met with a disaster so
that they were rid of him. They accused him of fabricating
the Qur'an by himself and of presenting it in the name of Allah,
and this was, God forbid, a fraud that he was practising.
They would often taunt him, saying that God could not have
appointed an ordinary man like him to the office of Prophethood.
They expressed great disgust at his invitation and message
and would avoid him as if he was asking them for a reward for
it. They would sit and take counsels together to devise schemes
in order to put an end to his mission.
And while they did all this they never realized what creeds
of ignorance they were involved in and how selflessly and sincerely
was Muhammad (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) exerting
himself to deliver them from their error. While criticizing
them for this attitude and conduct, Allah has put them certain
questions, one after the other, each of which is either an
answer to some objection of theirs, or a criticism of some
error. Then, it has been said that it would absolutely be of
no avail to show them a miracle in order to convince them of
his Prophethood, for they were such stubborn people as would
misinterpret anything they were shown only to avoid affirming
In the beginning of this section as well as in its end, the
Holy Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) has
been given the instruction that he should persistently continue
giving his invitation and preaching his message in spite of
the accusations and objections of his opponents and enemies,
and should endure their resistance patiently till Allah's judgment
comes to pass. Besides, he has been consoled, as if to say "Your
Lord has not left you alone to face your enemies, after raising
you as a Prophet, but He is constantly watching over you. Therefore,
endure every hardship patiently till the Hour of His judgment
comes, and seek through praising and glorifying your Lord the
power that is required for exerting in the cause of Allah under