The Surah takes its name from the word al-Haaqqah with which
Period of Revelation
This too is one of the earliest surahs to be revealed at Makkah.
Its subject matter shows that it was sent down at the time
when opposition to the Holy Prophet (upon whom be peace) had
started but had not yet become tyrannical.
Musnad Ahmad contains a tradition from Hadrat Umar, saying: "Before
embracing Islam one day I came out of my house with a view
to causing trouble to the Holy Prophet, but he had entered
the Masjid al-Haram before me. When I arrived I found that
he was reciting surah Al-Haaqqah in the Prayer. I stood behind
him and listened. As he recited the Qur'an I wondered at its
literary charm and beauty.
Then suddenly an idea came to my mind that he must be a poet
as the Quraish alleged. Just at that moment he recited the
words: "This is the Word of an honorable Messenger: it is not
the word of a poet." I said to myself: Then, he must be a soothsayer,
if not a poet. Thereupon be recited the words:"Nor is it the
word of a soothsayer: little it is that you reflect.
It is a Revelation from the Lord and Sustainer of the worlds.
On hearing this Islam entered deep into my heart." This tradition
of Hadrat Umar shows that this surah had been sent down long
before his acceptance of Islam, for even after this event he
did not believe for a long time, and he continued to be influenced
in favor of Islam by different incidents from time to time,
till at last in the house of his own sister he came by the
experience that made him surrender?and submit to the Faith
completely. (For details, see introduction to surah Maryam
and Introduction to surah Al- Waqiah).
Theme and Subject Matter
The first section (vv. 1-37) is about the Hereafter and the
second (vv. 38-52) about the Qur'an's being a revelation from
Allah and the Holy Prophet's being a true Messenger of Allah.
The first section opens with the assertion that the coming
of the Resurrection and the occurrence of the Hereafter is
a truth which has to take place inevitably. Then in vv. 4-12,
it has been stated that the communities that denied the Hereafter
in the past became worthy of Allah's scourge ultimately.
In vv. 13-17 the occurrence of Resurrection has been depicted.
In vv. 18-37 the real object for which Allah has destined a
second life for mankind after the present worldly life has
been enunciated. In it we are told that on that Day all men
shall appear in the Court of their Lord, where no secret of
theirs shall remain hidden each man's record will be placed
in his hand.
Those who had spent lives in the world with the realization
that one day they would have to render an account of their
deeds before their Lord, and who had worked righteously in
the world and provided beforehand for their well being in the
Hereafter, will rejoice when they see that they have been acquitted
and blessed with the eternal bliss of Paradise. On the contrary,
those who neither recognized the rights of Allah, nor discharged
the rights of men, will have no one to save them from the punishment
of Allah, and they will be cast into Hell.
In the second section (vv. 38-52) the disbelievers of Makkah
have been addressed and told: "You think this Qur'an is the
word of a poet or soothsayer, whereas it is a Revelation sent
dawn by Allah, which is being presented by the noble Messengers.
The Messenger by himself had no power to increase or decrease
a word in it. If he forges something of his own composition
into it, We will cut off his neck-vein (or heart- vein). For
this is the Truth absolute and pure: and those who give it
a lie, will have ultimately to regret and repent.