The Surah takes its name from the word dhil Ma'arij in verse
Period of Revelation
The subject matter bears evidence that this Surah too was sent
down in conditions closely resembling those under which Surah
Al Haaqqah was sent down.
Theme and Subject Matter
It admonishes and gives warning to the disbelievers who made
fun of the news about Resurrection and the Hereafter, and Hell
and Heaven, and challenged the Holy Prophet (upon whom be peace)
to cause Resurrection with which he threatened them to take
place if what he said was true and they had become worthy of
the punishment in Hell by denying it. The whole Surah is meant
to answer this denial.
The Surah opens with words to the effect:"A demander has demanded
a torment, the torment which must befall the deniers; and when
it takes place, there will be none to prevent it, but it will
take place at its own appointed time. Allah has His own way
of doing things, but He is not unjust. Therefore, have patience,
O Prophet, at what they say. They think it is far off, but
We see it as near at hand."
Then it is said:"Resurrection, which they desire to be hastened
out of jest and fun, is terrible, and when it comes, it will
cause great distress to the culprits. At that time they will
even be prepared to give away their wives and children and
their nearest kinsfolk in ransom to escape the punishment,
but they will not be able to escape it.
Then the people have been warned to the effect; "On that Day
the destinies of men will be decided strictly on the basis
of their belief and their conduct. Those who turn away from
the Truth in the world and amass wealth and withhold it from
the needy, will be doomed to Hell; and those who fear the punishment
of God here, believe in the Hereafter, keep up the Prayer,
discharge the rights of the needy out of their wealth, strictly
avoid immoral and wicked deeds, practise honesty in all their
dealings, fulfill their pledges and trust and bear true witness,
will have a place of honor in Paradise"
In conclusion, the disbelievers of Makkah who rushed in upon
the Holy Prophet (upon whom be peace) from every side as soon
as they saw him, in order to make fun of him, have been warned
to the effect: "If you do not believe, Allah will replace you
by other people who will be better than you", and the Holy
Prophet (upon whom be peace) has been consoled, so as to say: "Do
not take to heart their mockery and jesting; leave them to
indulge in their idle talk and foolish conduct if they are
bent upon experiencing the disgrace and humiliation of the
Resurrection; they will themselves see their evil end."'