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  :: In Mecca
  The Birth
The Humanity's Morning Tide
  Acceptance of Islam
  Beginning of Persecution
  Quraysh in a Fix
Muslims migrate to Abyssinia
Hazrat Umar embraces Islam
  Boycott of Bani Hashim
  The Year of Grief
  Journey to Taif
  The Ascension
  The Risky Path of Islam
The Beginning of Islam among the Ansar
Strategic importance of Madina
Expansion of Islam in Madina
  The Rejection
  The Weak Influence
Adherence to cultural heritage
  The Jews and Christians
  Tribal Customs
The Opposition of the Quraysh
  Under the Rulership
  The Migration (Hijrat)
Prophet's Migration to Madina
  Lessons and Examples
 Beginning of Persecution  
The Prophet (Peace Be Upon Him) continued to preach the message of God as vigorously as before. The Meccans were now desperate of forcing Abu Talib to give up Muhammad (Peace Be Upon Him) and there was nothing that they could do to stop him. Their anger swelled to such an extent that they started inciting the tribes against those who had accepted Islam but had nobody to protect them. Every tribe asserted itself on the Muslims amongst it; beating and putting them under chains, denying them food and water and forcing them to lie on the burning sand and under the scorching heat of Arabia's sun.

Bilal Ibn Rabah (May Allah be pleaced with him) was a slave who had embraced Islam. Umaya Ibn Khalaf, his master, used to bring him out at noontime and throw him on his back into the hot sand. He ordered to place a great rock on the chest of Bilal (May Allah be pleaced with him) and then he would say to him, "No, by God, you will lie here till you die or deny Muhammad and worship Al-Lat and Al-Uzza." Bilal (May Allah be pleaced with him) endured the affliction, crying, "One, One".

Abu Bakr (May Allah be pleaced with him) once saw Bilal (May Allah be pleaced with him) being tortured by his master. Sensing the servant's conviction, he brought a tougher and stronger black slave in lieu of Bilal's freedom. (Ibn Hisham, Vol. I, pp. 317-18)

Ammar Ibn Yasir and his parents had accepted Islam (May Allah be pleaced with them). Bani Makhzum used to take them out in the full glare of the sun at the hottest part of the day and then take them to task for their faith. If the Prophet (Peace Be Upon Him) passed by them, he used to advise them: "Patience, O family of Yasir, patience. Your destination is Paradise." They endured all persecutions until 'Bani Makhzum killed Ammar's mother for she refused to renounce Islam. (Ibn Hisham Vol. Pp. 317-18)

Mus'ab Ibn 'Umyr (May Allah be pleaced with him) was the most well dressed young man of Mecca. Mus'ab's mother, who possessed a handsome fortune, had brought him up in the life of luxury. He used to put on the costliest clothes perfumed with the best scent and always had his shoes imported from Hadramaut, then famous for manufacturing leather goods. The Prophet (Peace Be Upon Him) is reported to have once remarked about him: "I had not seen any young man in Mecca more handsome and far well-dressed or who had been brought up with more grandeur and comfort than Mus'ab Ibn Umayr." He came to know that the Prophet (Peace Be Upon Him) preached a new religion in the house of Arqam. 'Umayr's curiosity took him there but he came back as a true believer in Islam. He did not, however, declare his faith open and kept on meeting the Prophet (Peace Be Upon Him) secretly. 'Uthman Ibn Talha once saw him performing the prayer and disclosed his secret to his mother and other tribesmen. The result was that he was seized and imprisoned, and remained in fetters until the Muslims first migrated to Abyssinia. When he returned from Abyssinia along with the other refugees, he was completely a changed man. His daintiness and elegance was relinquished in favor of such a rugged simplicity that his mother had to leave him alone instead of confronting him (Tabaqat Ibn S'ad, Vol. III, pp. 82; Isti'ab, Vol. I, pp. 288)

Scared of the hostile atmosphere then prevailing against the Muslims in Mecca, others had sought the protection of their friends who were still polytheists. One of them was 'Uthman Ibn Mazun (May Allah be pleaced with him) who was under the protection of Walid Ibn Al-Mughira, but as he felt ashamed of being shielded by anyone other than God, he renounced the protection of the former. Shortly thereafter, he had a heated argument with a polytheist who slapped him so hard on his face that he lost an eye. Walid Ibn Al-Mughira was present during the incident afterwhich he told him:'Uthman, "By God, O son of my brother, your eye was secured against this injury and you were well-protected." "Nay, by God," replied 'Uthman Ibn Maz'un (May Allah be pleaced with him), "The eye that is still unhurt longs for what happened to the other for God's sake. O 'Abdu Shams, I am here in the vicinity and shelter of one who is exceedingly superior to you in honor and glory." (Ibn Hisham, Vol. I, pp. 370-71)

When 'Uthman Ibn 'Affan (May Allah be pleaced with him) accepted Islam, his uncle Hakam Ibn Abi al-As Ibn Umayya tied him securely with a rope and said, "Have you renounced the faith of your fathers for a new religion? By God, I will not release you until you abandon this belief." 'Uthman (May Allah be pleaced with him) firmly replied, "By God, I will never give it up." The firmness of 'Uthman (May Allah be pleaced with him) in his conviction ultimately led Hakam to unshackle him." (Tabaqat Ibn S'ad, Vol. III, P. 37)

Kahbbab Ibn Al-Aratt (May Allah be pleaced with him), a companion of the Prophet (Peace Be Upon Him), related his own story: "Some louts of the-Quraysh came one day and seized me. Then they kindled a fire and dragged me into it, while a man kept me down by stomping on my chest." Khabbab then bared his back which had white leprous spots. (Tabaqat Ibn Sa'd, Vol. III, 117)

The efforts of the Quraysh to seduce the Prophet 's companions (May Allah be pleaced with them) from their religion failed miserably, nor did they succeed in stopping the Prophet (Peace Be Upon Him) from preaching his religion fearlessly. The Qurayshites were first annoyed and agitated, and then dismayed by the expanding community of Muslims, they stirred up against him, calling him a liar, a sorcerer, a segregator and a poet; they insulted and abused him and started harassing him in every respect.

The notables of Mecca had assembled one day in Hijr (15) when the Prophet (Peace Be Upon Him) was suddenly seen coming in the Holy Sanctuary. As he passed by them walking around the Ka'ba, they sneered at him and made sarcastic remarks. They offended him similarly for the second and then for third time that he passed by them. Now, the Prophet (Peace Be Upon Him) stopped and said: "Will you listen to me, O Quraysh? By Him who holds my life in His hand I bring you great slaughter." All of them were thunderstruck by these words to the point that it compelled others to address him graciously and thereafter made amends for their rudeness.

The next day when they had assembled in the Hijhr, the Prophet (Peace Be Upon Him) appeared once again. The Qurayshites, who were humiliated because of the incident the day before, drove to him in unison. While they mobbed him thus, one of them pulled the sheet of cloth hanging round his neck, which nearly choked his throat. Abu Bakr (May Allah be pleaced with him), who was present at that moment, severed them from the Prophet (Peace Be Upon Him) by thrusting himself in between them. And with tears in his eyes he cried, "Would you kill a man simply because he acknowledges that Allah is his Lord?" Hearing this, they shunned the Prophet (Peace Be Upon Him) but fell upon Abu Bakr dragging him by his hair and beard.

At another time, the Prophet (Peace Be Upon Him) even had to face a worse ordeal throughout the whole day. Whomsoever he met, whether freeman or slave, cursed or vilified, or tried to hurt him in any way. He returned to his house and wrapped himself up because of the torments he had to endure that day. Then it was that God revealed to him the opening verse of the Chapter "The Enshrouded One" - 'O thou wrapped up in thy cloak, Arise and warn." (Ibn Hisham, Vol. I, pp. 289-91 and Al-Bukhaari).

One morning Abu Bakr (May Allah be pleaced with him) made a bold move to invite a gathering of the heathens to the true faith in God and His Prophet (Peace Be Upon Him) but they fell upon him furiously and beat him mercilessly. 'Utba Ibn Rabia inflicted such severe injuries to his face with a pair of shoes that one could no longer distinguish the eyes from the nose of his swollen face.

Abu Bakr (May Allah be pleaced with him) fell unconscious and was brought to his house by Banu Taym, his kinsmen, in a precarious condition, his life hanging by a thread. He regained consciousness late in the afternoon, but even then, the first thing he asked was whether the Prophet (Peace Be Upon Him) was well and safe! His relations with the Prophet (Peace Be Upon Him) endangered him for his concern for the Prophet (Peace Be Upon Him), on whose account he had to suffer so grievously. Then, hardly raising his voice, he repeated his question to Umm Jamil, who had also accepted Islam. Umm Jamil motioned towards his mother who was standing near her, but Abu Bakr (May Allah be pleaced with him) insisted on knowing about the Prophet (Peace Be Upon Him), saying that there was no harm on telling him in her presence. At last, Umm Jamil told him that the Prophet (Peace Be Upon Him) was fine, but Abu Bakr (May Allah be pleaced with him) would not be satisfied until he had himself seen the Prophet (Peace Be Upon Him). He said, "I have taken a vow that I would not take anything until I have seen the Prophet (Peace Be Upon Him) myself." The two women waited until everybody had departed and then they brought Abu Bakr (May Allah be pleaced with him) to the Prophet (Peace Be Upon Him) who was moved to see his pitiable condition. The Prophet (Peace Be Upon Him) prayed for his mother and invited her to accept Islam. It is reported that she readily pledged her trust in the Prophet (Peace Be Upon Him) of God. (Ibn Kathir, Vol. I, pp. 439-41)
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