The Islamic belief and world-view regarding Environment
is as follows. According to Islam salvation in the life hereafter
is of prime concern to all the human beings. This does not
mean that people who wish to lead a clean and pious life
should leave this material world and approach the mountains
and forests for meditation as a hermit.
Although, the harnessing of the material world and environment
surrounding him is not the aim and objective of his life,
but it is definitely a precious resource in achieving salvation.
Mankind is neither the enemy nor the master or the slave
of the material world.
Everything in this universe solely belongs to the one and
only ALLAH who is the Master, Sustainer and Lord of all things
in it and He has made each and every Human being a trustee
of all these material goods present in the environment. The
aim and objective of human life is to achieve the pleasure
of Allah by making use of this time and opportunity (life
granted to him) and employing this material world as a means
to attain the ultimate goal.
These means should not be used indiscriminately but as per
the wish and rule of the Master and Sustainer. They have
to be employed in the best possible method for individual
benefit as well as for the society at large. Man should neither
snatch others' resources nor should destroy them since the
Master of both is the same.
To preserve the environment, to conserve it and to develop
it is beneficial for him as well as for the entire civilization.
This wealth that he has received from his ancestors has to
be passed on to his progeny and this is the basic responsibility
of all human beings. According to Islam a person will be
rewarded or punished based on his attitude and approach towards
the environment i.e. development or destruction.