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  Islam and other religions  
  Do Islam and Christianity have different origins?  
No. Together with Judaism, they go back to the Prophet and patriarch Abraham, and their three Prophets have directly descended from his sons - Muhammad (peace be upon him) from the eldest, Ishmael, and Moses and Jesus (peace be upon them), from Isaac. Abraham established the settlement, which today is the city of Makkah, and built the Ka’ba towards which all Muslims turn when they pray.
  Does Islam tolerate other beliefs?  
The Qur’an says:

God forbids you not, with regards to those who fight not for (your) faith nor drive you out of your homes, from dealing kindly and justly with them; for God loves those who are just. [60:8]

It is one function of Islamic law to protect the privileged status of minorities, and this is why non-Muslim places of worship have flourished all over the Islamic world. History provides many examples of Muslim tolerance towards other faiths: when the caliph Omar entered Jerusalem in the year 634, Islam granted freedom of worship to all religious communities in the city.

Islamic law also permits non-Muslim minorities to set up their own courts, which implement family laws drawn up by the minorities themselves.
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