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:: In Madina
 
 
Difference between the societies of Mecca and Madina
 
 
Religious and Cultural conditions
 
 
Physical and Geographical conditions
 
 
Religious and Social conditions
 
 
Economic and Cultural conditions
  The Prophet in Madina
 
 
Construction of the Prophet's Mosque
 
 
Hypocrisy raises its head in Madina
  Change of the Qiblah
  Permission to fight
  The Truce of Hudaibiyah
 
 
Letters to the Arab Potentates
  Conquest of Mecca
  The Farewell Pilgrimage
  Eternal Rest
 
  The Prophet (Peace be upon him) in Madina  
 
 
The news about the Prophet's (Peace be upon him) departure from Makkah had already spread fast. Eagerly expecting his arrival, the Ansaars used to go out after morning prayers to the outskirts of the city and await his arrival until there was no more shade and the sun became unbearable. Then, as it was the hot season, they returned to their homes, sad and disappointed.

At last, the Prophet (Peace be upon him) arrived one day. The Ansaar had already returned to their houses but a Jew who happened to see him, cried aloud announcing his arrival. Everybody rushed out to greet the Prophet (Peace be upon him) whom they found sitting beneath a tree with Abu Bakr (may Allah be pleased with him) who was of like age. Many of them had never seen the Prophet (Peace be upon him) and did not know which of the two was he. They crowded round both, but now, Abu Bakr (may Allah be pleased with him) realized their difficulty. He rose up, stood behind the Prophet (Peace be upon him) shielding him with a piece of cloth from the sun, and thus the doubts of the people dissipated. (Ibn Hisham, Vol. I, p. 492)

More or less five hundred Ansaars rushed to pay their respects to the Prophet of Allah (Peace be upon him); they requested him to enter the city, saying, "Ride on! Ye two are safe and we shall obey you!"

The Prophet (Peace be upon him) went on, accompanied by his companions and the welcoming crowd. The inhabitants of Madinah stood in front of their doors, the women lined up on the roofs inquiring one another about the Prophet (Peace be upon him). Anas (radiallau 'anhu) says that he never came across such a happy event later on. (33)

The people thronged in the way at their doors and windows and on the roofs of the houses. The slaves and lads cried excitedly, "Allahu-Akbar, the Prophet of Allah is come! (34)

Bara b. Azib (may Allah be pleased with him), who was then in his youth, had said: "I never saw the people of Madinah display warmth so great as the happiness they expressed on the arrival of the Prophet of Allah where even the slave-girls were shouting that the Prophet of Allah hath arrived!"(35)

The faithful greeted the arrival of the Prophet (Peace be upon him) with the joyful cries of Allahu Akbar. No other welcome wore that festive glance to gladden their hearts. Madinah appeared to be jubilant and beaming into a smile. The young maidens of Aus and Khazraj felt elated and sang in chorus: (36)

"On the hillside whence caravans are given a send off, The full moon comes up this day. All the while God is praised, We had better return our thanks to The Holy one , O thou sent us, Thou has brought binding commands. (37)

Anas b. Malik (may Allah be pleased with him) had not come of age when the Prophet (Peace be upon him) came to Madina. He was present on the occasion and he says, "I never saw a day more graceful and radiant than the day when the Prophet came to us." (Darimi, On the authority of Anas)


The Prophet (Peace be upon him) stayed for four days in Quba where he laid the foundation of a mosque. He left Quba on Friday; the time for Friday prayers found him among the clan of Banu Salim b. 'Auf where he performed the prayer in their mosque. This was the first Friday prayer offered by the Prophet of Allah (Peace be upon him) in Medina. (Ibn Hisham, Vol. I, pp. 494).


As the Prophet (Peace be upon him) rode through the streets of the city, people approached him in throngs with everyone offering to accommodate him in their homes. They said, "Live with us and enjoy our wealth, honor and protection." Sometimes they took hold o his camel's halter, but he said to one and all: "Let her go her way. She is guided by Allah." This happened more than once.

While the Prophet (Peace be upon him) was going through the locality of Bani an-Najjaar, the slave girls of the clan recited these verses to greet him:

"Daughters of Bani Najjaar we are, What luck! Muhammad is our neighbor!"

On reaching the house of Bani Malik b. an-Najjaar, the Prophet's camel knelt by herself at the place where now stands the gate of the Prophet's mosque. The place was then used for drying the dates and belonged to two orphan boys who were related to the Prophet (Peace be upon him) on his mother's side.

The Prophet (Peace be upon him) alighted from his camel. Abu Ayyub Khalid b. Zayd, who belonged to the clan of an-Najjaar, hastily unloaded the camel and took the luggage to his house. Thus, the Prophet (Peace be upon him) stayed with Abu Ayyub (may Allah be pleased with him), who paid him the greatest respect and did all he could to entertain the honored guests. Abu Ayyub (may Allah be pleased with him) was loath even to live in the upper-story that he requested the Prophet (Peace be upon him) to occupy the place and came down with his family to live in the ground floor. The Prophet (Peace be upon him), however, said to him, "O Abu Ayyub, it would be more convenient for me as well as those who come to see me if I stay in the lower portion."

Abu Ayyub Ansaari (may Allah be pleased with him) was not a man of means, but he was extremely happy on having the Prophet (Peace be upon him) as his guest. He was beaming with joy at the great honor bestowed by Allah on him. The loving regard he paid to the prophet was an indication of his genuine gratitude to Allah and the Prophet himself. "We used to prepare the evening meal for the Prophet of Allah, says Abu Ayyub, "and send it to him." We used to take only what was left. Umm Ayyub and I took the food from beside the part that the Prophet had eaten in order to partake in its blessings. In compliance with the Prophet's preference, he lived in the ground floor, while we occupied the upper portion. Once, we broke a jar of water whereby Umm Ayyub and I mopped up the water with the only robe we had for fear that it would drop on the Prophet thereby causing him inconvenience. (38)
 
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